State and Administrative Structure

Government


The 1994 Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, as modified and amended during the Republican Referendum on 24 November 1996, defines the Republic of Belarus as a unitary democratic social law-based state that wields supreme power on its territory and independently formulates home and foreign policies.  The territory of the Republic of Belarus is a natural prerequisite to the existence of and the self-determination boundaries for the people, and a foundation of its welfare and sovereignty.   The territory of Belarus is indivisible and inalienable.

One of the foundations on which democracy in the Republic rests is a multiplicity of political institutions, ideologies and opinions. Any political parties or public associations that pursue the goal of overthrowing the constitutionally-envisaged order, or advocate war, or incite social, ethnic, religious and racial enmity cannot be legally created or operate on the territory of the Republic of Belarus. The Constitution lays down the supremacy of law principle. The state and all related organs and officials shall act within the Constitutional framework and according to the laws adopted in compliance with the Constitution.

The acts of law or separate provisions thereof which have been legally invalidated as unconstitutional shall have no legal force. The Republic of Belarus acknowledges the priority of the social principles of the international law and ensures appropriate legislation compliance. On the foreign arena, the Republic of Belarus follows the principles of the equality of nations, the non-use of force or threat of force, inviolability of the borders, peaceful conflict resolution, non-interference, and other commonly accepted principles and standards of the international law. The goal of the Republic of Belarus is make its territory a zone free of nuclear weapons, and maintain neutrality. The symbols of the Republic of Belarus as a sovereign nation are its National Flag, National Emblem and National Anthem.  The capital of the Republic is the City of Minsk. The official languages in the Republic of Belarus are Belarusian and Russian. Today the Republic of Belarus is a part of the international community. It recognizes the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Charter, and the International Covenants on civil and political rights, and on economic, social and cultural rights, and is a party both to treaties within the OSCE framework and to multiple international conventions. The principles determining the status of an individual, which have been codified in the essential international instruments, have also been reflected in the provisions of the Constitution of Belarus.  The Basic Law establishes the provision of the rights and liberties of the citizens of the Republic of Belarus as the supreme goal of the state. The state guarantees for the citizens of Belarus the rights and liberties that are laid down in the Constitution, the laws and the related international commitments. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, the state is responsible to the citizen for creating conditions that enable the individual’s unhindered and appropriate growth, and the citizen is responsible to the state for strictly observing his constitutionally envisaged duties. The foreign nationals and stateless persons on the territory of Belarus enjoy the rights and freedoms and fulfill their duties on a par with the citizens of the Republic of Belarus, unless otherwise specified in the Constitution, laws and international treaties.
 

State Structure

Organs of Government


President of the Republic of Belarus
Address: 38 Karl Marx St., Minsk 220016, Republic of Belarus
Tel: +375-17-222-32-17
www.president.gov.by

Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus

(House of Government), 11 Sovetskaya St., Minsk 220010, Republic of Belarus
Fax: +375-17-222-66-65
E-mail: contact@government.by
www.government.by

Council of the Republic of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus

Address: 4 Krasnoarmeiskaya St., Minsk 220016, Republic of Belarus
Tel.: +375-17-227-46-74
Fax: +375-17-227-23-18
E-mail: cr@sovrep.gov.by
www.sovrep.gov.by

Chamber of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus

E-mail: admin@house.gov.by
www.house.gov.by

Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus
Address: 28 Lenin St., Minsk 220030, Republic of Belarus
Tel.: +375-17-226-12-06
Fax: +375-17-327-62-38
E-mail: bxc@court.by
www.court.by

 

Ministries
 

Ministry of Architecture and Construction
Minister - Mr. Anatoly B. Cherny
Address: 39 Myasnikova St., Minsk 220048
Tel.: +375-17-227-26-42
Fax: +375-17-200-74-24
E–mail: mas@mas.by
www.mas.by

Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA)
Minister – Mr. Igor A. Shunevich
Address: 4 Gorodskoi Val, Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-218-78-08 / 218-78-85
E-mail: miapress@nsys.by
www.mvd.gov.by

Ministry of Housing and Communal Services
Minister - Mr. Alexander A. Terekhov
Address: 16 Bersona St., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-200-15-45
Fax: + 375-17-200-87-08
E-mail: info@mjkx.gov.by
www.mjkx.gov.by

Ministry of Public Health
Acting Minister – Mr. Vasily I. Zharko
Address: 39 Myasnikova St., Minsk 220048
Tel.: +375-17-222-65-47
E-mail: mzrb@belcmt.by
www.minzdrav.by

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Minister - Mr. Vladimir V. Makei
Address: 19 Lenina St., Minsk 220030
Tel.: +375-17-327-29-22
Fax: +375-17-327-45-21
E–mail: mail@mfa.gov.by
www.mfa.gov.by

Ministry of Information
Minister – Ms. Lilia S. Ananich
Address: 11 Pobeditelei Ave., Minsk 220004
Tel.: +375-17-203-92-31
Fax: +375-17-203-34-35
E–mail: info@mininform.gov.by
www.mininform.gov.by

Ministry of Culture
Minister – Mr. Boris V. Svetlov
Address: 11 Pobeditelei Ave., Minsk 220004
Tel.: +375-17-203-75-74
Fax: +375-17-203-90-45
Е–mail: ministerstvo@kultura.by
www.kultura.by

Ministry of Forestry
Minister - Mr. Mikhail M. Amelyanovich
Address: 6 Chkalova St., Minsk 220039
Tel.: +375-17-200-61-75
Fax: +375-17-200-44-97
Е–mail: info@mlh.by
www.mlh.by

Ministry of Defence
Minister - Mr. Andrey A. Ravkov
Address: 1 Kommunisticheskaya St., Minsk 220034
Tel.: +375-17-297-15-81
Fax: +375-17-297-19-33
Е-mail: modmail@mod.mil.by
www.mod.mil.by

Ministry of Education
Minister - Mr. Mikhail A. Zhuravkov
Address: 9 Sovetskaya St., Minsk 220010
Tel.: +375-17-327-47-36
Fax: +375-17-200-84-83
E-mail: root@minedu.unibel.by
www.edu.gov.by

Ministry of Tax Collection
Minister – Mr. Sergey E. Nalivaiko
Address: 9 Sovetskaya St., Minsk 220010
Tel.: +375-17-229-79-71 (72)
Fax: +375-17-222-66-87
Е-mail: gnk@mail.belpak.by
www.nalog.gov.by

Ministry of Emergency Situations
Minister - Mr. Vladimir A. Vaschenko
Address: 5 Revolutsionnaya St., Minsk 220000
Tel.:+375-17-203-65-50
Fax: +375-17-328-51-85
Е–mail: mail@mchs.gov.by
www.mchs.gov.by

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection
Minister – Mr. Andrei M. Kovhuto
Address: 10 Kollektornaya St., Minsk 220049
Tel.: +375-17-200-66-91
Е-mail: minproos@mail.belpak.by
www.minpriroda.gov.by

Ministry of Industry

Minister - Mr. Vitaly M. Vovk
Address: 2/4 Partizansky Ave., Minsk 220033
Tel.: +375-17-224-95-95
Fax: +375-17-224-87-84
Е–mail: minprom4@minprom.gov.by
www.minprom.gov.by

Ministry of Communication and Informatization

Minister - Mr. Sergey P. Popkov
Address: 10 Nezavisimosti Ave., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-287-87-10
Fax: +375-17-227-21-57
Е–mail: mpt@mpt.gov.by
www.mpt.gov.by

Ministry of Agriculture and Food

Minister - Mr. Leonid K. Zayats
Address: 15 Kirova St., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-327–37–51
Fax: +375-17-327–42–96
E-mail: kanc@mshp.gov.by
www.mshp.gov.by

Ministry of Sports and Tourism
Minister – Mr. Alexander I. Shamko
Address: 8/2 Kirova St., Minsk 220600
Tel.: +375-17-226-19-59
Fax: +375-17-327-72-37
Е-mail: info@mst.gov.by
www.mst.by

Ministry of Trade
Minister - Mr. Vladimir V. Koltovich
Address: 8/1 Kirova St., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-327-61-21
Fax: +375-17-327-73-07
Е-mail: mail@mintorg.gov.by
www.mintorg.gov.by

Ministry of Transport and Communications

Minister – Mr. Anatoly A. Sivak
Address: 21 Chicherina St., Minsk 220029
Tel.: +375-17-334-11-52
Е–mail: mail@mintrans.mtk.by
www.mintrans.gov.by

Ministry of Labour and Social Protection
Minister – Ms. Marianna  A. Schetkina
Address: 23/2 Pobeditelei Ave., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-306-38-84
Е–mail: mlsp@mintrud.gov.by
www.mintrud.gov.by

Ministry of Finance
Minister - Mr. Vladimir V. Amarin
Address: 7 Sovetskaya St., Minsk 220048
Tel.: Tel.: +375-17-222-61-37
Fax: +375-17-222-45-93
Е–mail: minfin@minfin.gov.by
www.minfin.gov.by

Ministry of Economy
Minister - Mr. Vladimir I. Zinovsky
Address: 14 Bersona St., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-222-60-48
Fax: +375-17-200-37-77
Е–mail: minec@economy.gov.by
www.economy.gov.by

Ministry of Energy
Minister - Mr. Vladimir N. Potupchik
Address: 14 K. Marksa St., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-218-21-02
Fax: +375-17-218-24-68
Е–mail: minenergo@min.energo.by
www.minenergo.gov.by

Ministry of Justice
Minister - Mr. Oleg L. Slizhevsky
Address: 10 Kollektornaya St., Minsk 220048
Tel.: +375-17-200-86-87 / 200-97-55
E-mail: kanc@minjust.by
www.minjust.by
 

Governmental Committees
 

State Control Committee (SCC)
Chairman - Mr. Leonid V. Anfimov
22003, Minsk, ul. K.Marksa, 3
Tel.: +375-17-327-60-67
Е-mail: kgk@mail.belpak.by
www.kgk.gov.by

State Security Committee (SSC)
Chairman - Mr. Valery P. Vakulchik
Address: 17, Nezavisimosti Ave., Minsk 220050
Tel.: + 375-17-219-92-30
Е–mail: info@kgb.gov.by
www.kgb.by

State Military-Industrial Committee
Chairman - Mr. Sergei P. Gurulev
Address: 115, Nezavisimosti Ave., Minsk 220023
Tel.: +375-17-280-91-00
Fax: +375-17-280-90-81
Е–mail: gvpk01@mail.belpak.by
www.vpk.gov.by

State Committee on Property
Chairman - Mr. Andrey A. Gayev
Address: 12 Krasnozvezdny Alley, Minsk 220071
Tel.: +375-17-288-10-19
Fax: +375-17-288-27-25
Е–mail: info@gki.gov.by
www.gki.gov.by

State Science and Technology Committee
Chairman - Mr. Alexander G. Shumilin
Address: 1, Akademicheskaya St., Minsk 220072
Tel.: +375-17-284-07-60
Fax: +375-17-284-02-79
Е–mail: gknt@gknt.org.by
www.gknt.org.by

State Committee on Standardization
Chairman - Mr. Viktor V. Nazarenko
Address: 93 Starovilensky Trakt, Minsk 220053
Tel.: +375-17-233-52-13
Fax: +375-17-233-25-88
Е–mail: belst@anitex.by
www.gosstandart.gov.by

State Border Committee

Chairman - Mr. Leonid S. Malcev
Address: 24, Volodarskogo St., Minsk 220050
Fax: +375-17-327-70-03
Е–mail: post@gpk.gov.by
www.gkpv.gov.by

State Customs Committee (SCC)
Chairman - Mr. Yuri A. Senko
Address: 45/1 Mogilevskaya St., Minsk 220029
Tel.: +375-17-218-90-00
Fax: +375-17-218-91-97
Е–mail: gtk@customs.gov.by
www.gtk.gov.by

National Statistical Committee    
Chairman - Ms. Inna V. Medvedeva                                       
220658, Republic of Belarus, Minsk, 12 Partizanski Ave.
Tel.: +375-17-214-95-12
Fax: +375-17-367-22-04
E-mail: belstat@mail.belpak.by
www.belstat.gov.by
 

State Organizations subordinate to the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus

 

Belarusian State Food Industry Concern
Chairman - Mr. Alexander L. Zabello
Address: 6 Aranskaya St., Minsk 220006
Tel.: +375-17-285-03-96
Е–mail: concern@bgp.by
www.bgp.by

Belarusian State Petroleum and Chemicals Concern
Сhairman - Mr. Igor V. Lyashenko
Address: 73 Dzerzhinskogo Ave., Minsk 220116
Tel.: +375-17-269-01-01 / 269-03-11
Fax: +375-17- 271-94-10 / 271-97-00
Е-mail: koncbnx@belneftekhim.by
www.belneftekhim.by

Belarusian State Light Industry Goods Production and Sales Concern

Chairman - Mr. Nikolai V. Efimchik
Address:16 K.Tsetkin St., Minsk 220050
Tel.: +375-17-200-30-65 / 200-14-88
Fax: +375-17-200-79-62
Е–mail: bellegprom@bellegprom.by
www.bellegprom.by

Belarusian Production and Trade Concern of Forestry, Woodworking and Pulp-and-Paper Industry
Chairman - Mr. Yury V. Nazarov
Address: 16 K.Marksa St., Minsk 220600
Tel.: +375-17-327-44-83 / 210-44-45
Fax: +375-17-327-44-83 / 210-44-45
Е–mail: info@bellesbumprom.by
www.bellesbumprom.by

Belarusian Republican Union of Consumer Cooperatives
Chairman of the Board - Mr. Valery N. Ivanov
Address: 17 Pobeditelei Ave., Minsk 220004
Tel.: +375-17-226-80-50
Е-mail: info@bks.by
www.bks.by

Republican Centre for Sanatorium-and-Spa Treatment

Director – Mr. Gennady N. Bolbatovsky
Address: 21 Chicherina St., Minsk 220029
Tel.: +375-17-284-73-22
Fax: +375-17-292-68-06
E-mail: rco@rco.by
www.rco.by

Commissioner for Religions and Nationalities
Mr. Leanid P. Gouliako
Address: 11 Kommunisticheskaya St., Minsk 220029
Tel. +375-17 284-63-44
 

REGIONS
 

Minsk City Executive Committee
Address: 8 Nezavisimosti Ave., Minsk 220050
E-mail: mgik@minsk.gov.by
www.minsk.gov.by

Main Department of Internal Affairs in Minsk
Address: 5 Dobromyslensky bystreet, Minsk 220007
Tel.: +375-17-222-17-17
E-mail: pismo_guvd_minsk@mia.by
www.guvd.gov.by

Vitebsk Regional Executive Committee
Address: 6 Gogol St., Vitebsk 210010
Fax: +375-212-42-57-81
Е-mail: vitoblisp@vitebsk.by
www.vitebsk-region.gov.by

Gomel Regional Executive Committee
Address: 2 Lenin Ave.,Gomel 246050
Е-mail: oblisp-uip@mail.gomel.by
www.gomel-region.gov.by

Official Web Site of Homel City Executive Committee

Address: 16 Sovetskaya St., Gomel 246050
Tel.: +375-232-74-26-40
www.gorod.gomel.by

Mogilev Regional Executive Committee
Address: 71 Pervomaiskaya St., Mogilev 212030
E-mail: oblisp@mogilev.by
www.region.mogilev.by

Minsk Regional Executive Committee

Address: 4 Engels St., Minsk 220030
Tel.: +375-17-500-41-25
E-mail: pisma@minsk-region.gov.by
www.minsk-region.gov.by

Brest Regional Executive Committee
Address: 11 Lenin St., Brest 224006
Fax: +375-162-21-96-66
Е-mail: contact@brest-region.by
www.brest-region.by

Grodno Regional Executive Committee

Address: 3 Ozheshko St., Grodno 230023
Tel.: +375-152-72-31-90
Е-mail: groblisp@mail.grodno.by
www.region.grodno.by
 

 

State and Administrative Structure

 

Administrative Division

 

 

Карта Республики Беларусь

Administratively, Belarus is divided into six oblasts: Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno, Minsk, Mogilev and the City of Minsk as a separate administrative area.

 
The oblasts are divided into 118 districts, 103 towns, 111 urban villages, with the towns broken down into the following: republic-subordinated towns – 1, oblast-subordinated towns – 37, district-subordinated – 65.
 

Administrative and Territorial Composition

 

Oblast

Area (thousand sq.km)

Population (thousand people)

Oblast Capital

Brest

32.6

1472

Brest

Vitebsk

40.1

1377

Vitebsk

Gomel

40.4

1545

Gomel

Grodno

25.0

1185

Grodno

Minsk

40.8

3329

Minsk

Mogilev

28.7

1214

Mogilev

 

 

Brest Oblast

It is situated in the south-west of the Republic of Belarus. It borders on Poland in the west, and on Ukraine in the south. It occupies 15.7% of the country’s overall territory, with a population of 14.7%. The oblast capital is Brest (300 thousand people). The oblast contains 16 districts, 225 rural soviets, 20 towns (including 5 oblast-subordinated ones), and 9 urban villages.

The main industries are food, light and machine-building, which account for almost 2/3 of the overall industrial output. The other developed industries include power engineering, forestry, woodworking, pulp and paper, flour and cereals and feed mill industries.

Agriculturally, the oblast is specialized in meat and dairy livestock farming, production of potatoes, grain-crops, white beets and vegetables.

The oblast has minerals that allow industrial production to develop using the local natural resources.  These are building stone, low-melt and heat-resistant clays; glass, molding and building sands, peat, sapropel, gravel; also, shale oil and brown coal deposits have been discovered there.

The oblast operates a free economic zone called “Brest". Special customs regulations that are in force in the zone exempt the zone-bound products from customs duties. The products and services produced by the resident companies to be taken out of the zone are also exempt from customs duties.

The transit passage Berlin-Warsaw-Brest-Minsk-Moscow, an extended network of railways and motor roads, and the direct route to Vilnius and Kiev found on the oblast territory facilitate passenger and cargo transportation from the countries of Europe to Russia, Ukraine and other countries. Furthermore, the oblast has a Brest-based category 1 international all-weather airport that may accept and handle heavy aircraft such as Boeing 747. Internationally important oil and gas pipelines run through the oblast territory.

The oblast also has a national nature reserve “Belovezhskaya Pushcha”, which can boast diverse wildlife. Scholars working in the nature reserve conduct research in the protection and revival of wildlife species, with a view to preserving the unique nature complex typical of Belarus and Europe, and maintaining the natural evolutionary processes.

Vitebsk Oblast

It is situated in the north-east of the country and borders on Lithuania, Latvia and Russia. It occupies 19.3% of the republic's territory, with a population of 13.8%. The oblast capital is Vitebsk (367 thousand people). The oblast contains 21 districts, 249 rural soviets, 19 towns (including 5 oblast-subordinated ones) and 26 urban villages.

Vitebsk Oblast is an industrially developed region, with power engineering dominating the industry segment of the economy. Large power stations - Lukoml Hydroelectric Power Plant and Novolotsk Heat and Power Plant are to be found there. Apart from power engineering, the region's specialization sectors are food, light, fuel and chemical industries.

Most of the districts are specialized in meat and dairy live-stock farming, pig production, flax cultivation, with the areas around Vitebsk, Orsha and Polotsk focusing on poultry farming, fruit and vegetable production.

The oblast has a unique nature complex - the principal part of the Belarusian Lake District. Out of 19 largest lakes of the country, 11 are located in Vitebsk Oblast. A complex of Braslav Lakes is a unique one. The Braslav District in the basin of the Western Dvina contains 50 natural reservoirs with an area of 130 square kilometers. Rare wildlife species registered in the Red Book of Endangered Species of Belarus can be found in the lakes. The entire complex is of interest as a zone with favorable opportunities for tourism and recreation.

The oblast has a wealth of historic monuments. Polotsk, one of the ancient Eastern Slavic towns, contains many monuments of the history and culture of the Slavic people (Sofia's Cathedral, the Savior and Euphrosinia Church, the Epiphany Church, etc.).

The Vitebsk Oblast provides favorable transportation opportunities, with two international trans-European passages running through its territory (Paris-Moscow, Helsinki-Vitebsk-Gomel-Kiev-Plovdiv) and the gas-main Yamal-Europe.

Grodno Oblast

It is situated in the North-West of Belarus. It borders on Poland in the west, and on Lithuania in the north. It occupies 12 % of the overall territory, with a population of 11.7%. The Oblast capital is Grodno (309 thousand people). The oblast contains 17 districts, 194 rural soviets, 12 towns, including 6 oblast-subordinated ones, and 21 urban villages.

The chemical industry is the leading segment of the Grodno oblast economy. The largest companies of the industry are located in Grodno and Lida. These are the production companies Azot and Khimvolokno, the joint-stock company Lakokraska. Over a third of the industrial products produced come from food and machine building companies.  The articles manufactured by the Neman Glass Factory, which is located in Berezovka, Lida District, have won widespread fame.

The oblast has well-developed agriculture that comprises dairy and meat live-stock farming, pig production, cultivation of potatoes and flax in the east and growing of white beets in the west. Grain-crops occupy an extended area, with poultry farming and vegetable production well developed near larger towns.

One of the Eurasian backbone routes passes through the oblast, which contributes to broader international cooperation. Because Grodna Oblast enjoys a favorable geographical position, it may become an efficient link promoting trade between the countries of Western and Central Europe and the countries of CIS and Asia.  After the infrastructure of the common European transportation links that pass through the oblast will be improved as planned, the oblast will support further expansion of foreign trade relations. The free economic zone Grodnoinvest is underway.

The largest towns are Grodno, Lida, Slonim, Volkovysk, Smorgon, and Novogrudok. Novogrudok is a place where Belarusian statehood emerged.  The Grand Duchy of Lithuania that appeared there in the 12-13th centuries united Belarusian lands. Grodno has preserved many historic and architectural monuments, including: a temple dating back to the 13th-16th centuries, the Boris and Gleb Church (16th-19th centuries), a Franciscan Monastery (18th century), etc.

Gomel Oblast

It is situated in the south-east of the Republic. It borders on Russia in the east, and on Ukraine in the south. The oblast occupies 19.5% of the overall territory, with a population of 16.4%. The Oblast capital is Gomel (515 thousand people). The oblast contains 21 districts, 278 rural soviets, 17 towns, including 8 oblast-subordinated ones, and 18 urban villages.

The oblast is one of the industrially advanced regions of the country.  In the industry structure, the most prominent sectors are food, ferrous metallurgy and machine building. These sectors account for almost half of all industrial products manufactured in the region. The region produces almost 90% of all ferrous metallurgy items of the Republic. This industry is represented by Brest Metallurgy Plant in Zhlobin and a hardware plant in Rechitsa. The oblast also occupies a leading position in terms of fuel, forest, wood-working, pulp and paper, and microbiological industries. Most of the agricultural districts are specialized in meat and dairy live-stock farming, cultivation of grain-crops, lax and potatoes, and poultry farming and horticulture concentrated around larger towns.

Arterial railways that are of republican and international significance pass through the oblast.    The large railway junctions are Gomel, Zhlobin, Kalinkovichy. Gomel is situated at the crossroads of the railways connecting Bakhmach to Vilnius, and Briansk to Brest. A European passage that runs through Gomel branches out to Minsk and Klaipeda and enables freighters from Eastern Ukraine and Central Russia to access specialized sea ports – Klaipeda, Ventspils and Kaliningrad. The highways St. Petersburg-Kiev-Odessa, Briansk-Kobrin, Gomel-Minsk, Gomel-Mozyr reach all of the district centers of the oblast through a bus transportation system. Air links connect Gomel to Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev and many other cities and towns in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

Navigation is supported along the Pripiat, Dnepr and Berezina rivers. Pipeline transportation is represented by the oil pipeline “Druzhba”, the Mozyr product pipeline, international and local gas pipelines. The largest cities and towns of the oblast are as follows: Gomel, Mozyr, Rechitsa, Svetlogorsk, Zhlobin.

Gomel, the administrative center of the oblast, is one of the most important educational and cultural centers of the country. The higher education institutions available there include Gomel University, Belarusian Institute of Railway Engineers, polytechnical, cooperative and medical institutes. A local drama theater and a local Russian drama theater, a local puppet theater, an Area Studies museum and a planetarium operate in the oblast.

Historic monuments that have survived to this day include a palace and park ensemble, the Peter and Paul Cathedral, etc. The oblast has the Pripiat National Park, where the unique natural landscape of Belarusian Polessye is maintained, and changes occurring in the environment through the dewatering of the Polessye lowlands are studied. Also, the oblast has a Polessye Radiation and Environmental Reserve. It was created to maintain the natural condition of the habitats, together with their unique landscape and geobotanical structure contaminated in the aftermath of the Chernobyl Disaster, and to provide for integrated studies and radio-biological monitoring.   The oblast operates a free economic zone called “Gomel-Raton".

Minsk Oblast

It is in the center of Belarus. Together with Minsk, the oblast occupies 19.4% of the territory and has a population of 15.3%. The oblast contains 22 districts, 307 rural soviets, 22 towns, including 8 oblast-subordinated ones, and 20 urban villages.

This is the only oblast in Belarus that does not border on any foreign states, but due to the most important transportation passages running through its territory, it can be used to further beneficial economic ties with the countries of CIS and beyond.

Industrially, the most prominent sectors are machine building and chemical industry. Also, companies that process agricultural produce are widespread in the region. Nationwide, the oblast holds the first place in terms of products produced by the food, flour and cereals and feed mill industries.

The territory of the oblast contains proven deposits of minerals, with some being developed now. The most important minerals found there include potassium and mine salts, peat, construction materials, sapropels, chalk, shale oil, iron ores, mineral waters, etc.

Most of the agricultural districts focus on dairy and meat live-stock farming, pig production, cultivation of potatoes together with lax, and with beet growing in the south-west. Around the City of Minsk and near the other large towns the agricultural companies are additionally specialized in the growing of fruits and vegetables; also, large poultry farms and companies can be found there.

The natural complex of the oblast can support a wide range of recreational and tourist facilities. The Naroch group of lakes in Miadel district has excellent conditions favoring recreation and medical treatment activities; there is also a part of the Belarusian Poozerye – the “Blue Lakes” Reserve. Also, the oblast has the principal part of the Berezino biosphere reserve, where typical and unique natural landscapes are maintained, the related natural processes and phenomena are studied, and scientific foundations of nature and environmental education are developed.

Mogilev Oblast

It is in the center of the eastern part of Belarus and borders on Russia. The oblast occupies 14% of the overall territory, with a population of 12.2%. The Oblast capital is Mogilev (371 thousand people). The Oblast contains 21 districts, 195 rural soviets, 13 towns, including 5 oblast-subordinated ones, and 12 urban villages.

The chemical and petrochemical complex occupies the leading place in the industry of the oblast. In terms of chemicals and petrochemicals produced, the oblast is ahead of all the other regions of the country. This industry sector is aimed at producing man-made fiber, organic synthesis products, tires and rubber products. The food industry, machine building and power engineering occupy a considerable place in the industrial output of the oblast. In the machine building and metalworking production, automobile, agricultural and construction and road machine building are of major importance.

The major minerals on the territory of the oblast are cement and lime raw materials, peat, phosphorites, chalk, building sands and sand and gravel material, dolomites and mineral waters. The local raw materials are successfully used to produce construction materials and other products. The construction material industry is represented by such enterprises as Krichev Cement and Slate Combine, Belarusian Cement Plant in Kostiukovichi, companies that produce silicate products, reinforced concrete frames, precast concrete, construction materials; brick plants, and glass works in Glush and Yelizovo.

The agricultural districts are specialized in dairy and meat live-stock farming, pig production and flax cultivation. Grain and feed crops, and potatoes occupy an extended area.  Around the towns the agricultural companies are additionally specialized in poultry farming and vegetable growing.

An extended network of railways and motor roads that run through the oblast links it to the industrial centers of Belarus and the regions of Russia, Ukraine and Baltic States. Three arterial railways pass through the oblast: from north to west one that connects Orsha to Zhlobin fron north-west to south-east one that links Orsha and Unecha, and from east to west one that links Yaroslavl and Baranovichi. Most of the motor roads in the oblast can be found in the western districts and some southern districts.  The most important roads that pass there are as follows: St. Petersburg-Kiev, Mogilev-Minsk, Mogilev-Bobruisk and Minsk-Zhlobin.

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus